Last updated: 16/10/2022

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The liquid gas butane plays a major role especially for industry and household. It is an indispensable part of our daily activities and should normally be found in every kitchen. Whether as a gas mixture for barbecues or, for example, in gas cartridges for camping cookers.

On our website, we have already compared different models with each other, what you should look out for when buying and how you can finally find the right model for you. You will also find information on the different types, advantages, disadvantages and functions of butane gas.




Summary

  • Conventional gases used in households are butane and propane gas. In Germany, however, propane is usually cheaper to buy than butane.
  • Gas is highly flammable, so any sources of danger should be reduced in advance and you should ensure that the room is adequately ventilated when in use.
  • Butane gas is very dangerous if it enters the lungs. When inhaled or inhaled, it initially causes a kind of intoxication that very quickly leads to paralysis of the heart muscle and respiratory centre

The best Butane Gas: Our Picks

In this section we have looked at our favourites for you and put them together to help you with your buying decision. There will be a suitable butane gas for every taste and every need.

Buying and evaluation criteria for butane gas

To make it easier for you to make your next gas purchase, we have summarised the most important criteria. In this way, we want to help you find the product that meets your requirements and needs.

These criteria are as follows:

Content/weight/size

The amount of content is of course relevant in connection with your needs. You should pay particular attention to the following point: The numbers within the product names do not always tell you how much gas is actually contained in the respective cartridge. For example, the CV 470 Plus from Campingaz does not contain 470 grams of gas, but only 450 grams.

Gas mixture

There are different gases or gas mixtures that have different advantages and disadvantages. A mixture of butane, isobutane and propane is the usual composition for gas cartridges.

However, the exact mixture varies and differs from manufacturer to manufacturer. What is particularly important here is if you want to use your gas cooker at very low outdoor temperatures. The exact boiling point of the gas in question plays a role here.

Costs

The purchase price of butane gas is somewhat higher than that of propane gas. However, the purchase price of butane gas depends on the weight available in the retail market.

The higher the gas volume of the cartridges, the more the price of these increases at the time of purchase. In the “Frequently Asked Questions” section below, you will find a rough overview of the different price categories that we have compiled.

Safety

Propane gas achieves better and higher calorific values than butane gas. However, the difference is only minimal and can therefore be neglected when barbecuing in summer.

Furthermore, it is recommended to provide sufficient ventilation when using butane or propane gas, as inhaling the gases can have fatal consequences.

Guide: Frequently asked questions about butane gas answered in detail

In this section, we would like to answer the questions most frequently asked by our users. Among other things, we would like to tell you about the definition of butane gas, the different areas of use and, of course, about the costs and contents of various products.

What is butane gas?

Butane is a highly flammable, colourless and easily liquefiable gas that evaporates quickly at room temperature. Since butane gas can be used in many ways, it is used everywhere, for example in the home in the heater, as a flame beer burner, as a lighter, in the cooker or oven, as a barbecue in the summer or in nature as a camping cooker.

What is it used for?

Butane gas is used as a fuel component. It is also used as a feedstock for basic petrochemical production in steam cracking and as a propellant in aerosol sprays such as deodorants.

Gas is very often used for cooking with the help of the cooker. (Image source: Magnascan/Pixabay)

Butane is also used as fuel for gas lighters or butane burners and is sold in bottles as fuel for cooking, barbecuing and as a camping cooker.

What is the difference between butane and propane? Which is more suitable for a gas barbecue?

The difference starts with the price and is also noticeable in the energy and burning ability. Propane burns better at low temperatures than butane. Both have a different boiling point, which should be taken into account when comparing or buying a gas barbecue.

With propane gas, you can barbecue even in winter. The bottles often have different colours (blue butane gas bottles, grey propane gas bottles). However, this is not binding and is rather due to the fact that in Germany almost only butane gas bottles of the Campingaz brand are available.

What is the temperature of butane and propane gas when in use?

Butane: 1895°C with air, 2850°C with oxygen; propane: 1925°C with air, 2850°C with oxygen. The ignition temperature (ignition point) is 490°C (butane) or 510°C (propane).

How dangerous is butane gas?

Butane, with UN number 1011 and hazard number 23, is not necessarily toxic in itself, but it has the properties that it is highly flammable and can lead to asphyxiation.

Furthermore, a higher dosage of butane gas has a narcotic effect on the human body. This aspect must be taken into account, since – as with the use of other dangerous gases – very careful and attentive action is required for safe use.

Conclusion

Propane and butane gas are used as fuel gas, for heating purposes in connection with gas radiators, catalytic ovens, fan heaters, as mobile energy for camping, grilling with the gas barbecue, flame cutting, flame blasting and soldering.

Due to its better properties at cold temperatures, propane is preferable to butane. In addition, propane is usually much cheaper to buy.

(Cover picture: Malsam/ 123rf)

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